New Zealand is a Polynesian island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
It is situated 900 miles east of Australia and about 600 miles south of New Caledonia, Fiji, and Tonga.
The population is over 4 million.
Wellington is the capital.
Auckland is the largest city.
The country is made of two main landmasses:
The North Island
The South Island
Over 30 smaller islands
New Zealand’s territories include the Cook Islands, Tokelau and Niue.
New Zealand is part of the Polynesian region.
This region includes:
Wallis and Futuna
The Maori inhabitants called the island Aotearoa (Land of the long white cloud)
The Maori were among the most skilled wood carvers in Polynesia.
Humans have only lived on the islands for about 700 years.
During its isolation New Zealand had a distinctive biodiversity
Unique birds included the Haast's Eagle